Tue. Jun 28th, 2022

India’s fertility rate drops to 2. What does it mean?

India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has dropped 2.0 from 2.2. TFR is the average number of children a woman gives birth to in her lifetime. The country’s contraceptive prevalence rate(CPR) has risen from 54% to 67%, according to phase-2 data of the fifth edition of the national family health survey released on Wednesday. The NFHS data indicates the country’s population is finally stabilizing. This is the first time after India got independence India’s population will decline.

According to experts when a country’s fertility rate is below 2.1 then the population will decline because many cases of accidents and disease come every year. The average life is 67 years in India so the total 2-3% percentage of the population prematurely during life time of a person.

The study from the Pew Research Centre, titled ‘Religious Composition of India’ confirms that India’s fertility is declining rapidly in recent decades. The Total Fertility Rate has declined to 2.2 in 2015-16 from as high as 5.9 in the 1950s, ad now it’s decreased to 2.0 in the 2021 survey. India’s decadal population growth rate, i.e., the rate at which the population grows in one decade, has also been decelerating from 24.7% during 1971-81 to 17.7% in 2001-2011.

If you want to take a look at world population data and various factors then visit this official websitehttps://www.worldometers.info/world-population/population-by-country/

In 2015-16, Muslims had the highest fertility rate of 2.6, children per woman, followed by 2.1 for Hindus and 2.0 for Christians; Sikh women had the lowest fertility rate of 1.6 children per woman. This general pattern has been largely stable since 1992.

India has massive fall in the fertility rate from the 1960s to 2020s. Whereas neighboring countries of India still have very high fertility rates compared to India excepted China, while in 1960 India, China and Pakistan had the same TFR. In the 1970s China applied the one-child policy to control their population and it’s the cause of the sharp decline in China’s population growth. India’s TFR constantly decreases but Pakistan did not introduce any bills regarding population or did not run camps for awareness about it that’s why Pakistan has approx 3.9 TFR in 2020.

last year some reports came that India’s population will hit once 160cr in about 2040 then start decline, and India will surpass China in total population by 2030 with 145cr. Now it seems like China will be at the top position in total population after reports of declined fertility rate in India, and removing the two-child policy in China.

In India, some states record negative TFR and some reports are higher than 2.2 likewise Uttar Pradesh and Bihar state.

All religious groups in India record decreasing TFR in India while Sikh religion has lowest TFR 1.2 and Muslim religion have highest.

What’s your opinion on population decline in India, and how it will impact India’s economy?

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